Understanding Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment Options


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Breast cancer is a cancer that develops in the cells of the breast. It is the most common cancer among women worldwide; however, it can also affect men.

It is important to note that not all breast lumps are cancerous, but if you experience any of these symptoms, you should see a doctor.

While talking with Dr. Sarah of Nyakibale Hospital, she said it’s important always to do check-ups to know what might be happening in your body.

She mentioned symptoms of breast cancer, such as a lump in the breast or underarm area. Changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge, rash, or inversion Swelling or redness of the breast skin Pain in the breasts or nipples

Dr. Sarah emphasised that women have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than men.

The majority of breast cancer cases are diagnosed in women over the age of 50. She went on to say that having a family history of breast cancer increases the risk of developing the disease.

She explained that inherited gene mutations, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2, can increase the risk of breast cancer, as can long-term use of hormone replacement therapy.

Dr. Sarah stated that there are treatment options for breast cancer, with surgery being the most common. This may include a lumpectomy (removal of the tumour and surrounding tissue) or a mastectomy (removal of the entire breast).

Radiation employs high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumours.

Chemotherapy employs drugs to eliminate cancer cells throughout the body. Dr. Sarah explained that hormone therapy targets the hormones that cause certain types of breast cancer.

Targeted therapy focuses on specific molecules involved in cancer growth.

However, she stressed the importance of discussing treatment options with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action based on the type and stage of breast cancer.

Breast cancer is a serious health issue that affects millions of people around the world. Early detection through regular screenings and awareness of symptoms is critical to improving outcomes. Individuals who understand the symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options for breast cancer can take proactive steps toward prevention and treatment.

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