When NRM took power in 1986, inadequate transport infrastructure was one of Uganda’s biggest problems. Over the years, we have improved it to increase prosperity among the people of Uganda.
Historical experience provides proof that if you construct a road or railway through a cultivable area, you automatically stimulate economic development.
PROGRESS ON NATIONAL ROADS
Uganda has a total road network of about 159,366km comprising of:
20,854km (13%) national roads;
38,603km (24%) district roads;
19,959km (13%) urban roads and
79,947km (50%) community access roads.
The national roads link border posts, airports and ports to each other as well as to the capital city.
District roads link district headquarters to the national road network and subcounty administrative centres.
Urban roads are within the boundaries of urban areas, while community access roads are those within villages that link communities and provide access to administrative, social and economic services.
The Uganda road network has tremendously expanded and improved. At independence in 1962, Uganda had only 844km of tarmac roads.
Although the post-independence Uganda People’s Congress (UPC) government extended tarmac roads to new towns such as Mbarara-Kabale, Mbarara-Fort Portal and Kampala-Gulu-Lira, the road network had collapsed by the time NRM took power in 1986.
NRM ROAD NETWORK TARGET
The long-term target — enshrined in Uganda Vision 2040 — is to achieve an average of paved road density of 100km per 1,000sq.km by the year 2040. The stock of the paved road network continues to increase, a result of the well thought out decision to prioritise road construction.
The big national and inter-district roads have already connected many of the sub-counties and town councils in Uganda
The following roads, as promised in the 2016-2021 manifesto, have been completed.
Ntungamo-Mirama Hills 37km
Kampala-Entebbe Expressway/Munyonyo 51km
Mbarara Bypass 14.5km
Kamwenge-Fort Portal 65kmIganga-Kaliro 32km
Acholi Bur-Kitgum-Musingo 86.4km
Gulu-Acholi Bur 70.3km
Vurra-Oraba 9.4 km
The total distance of the above completed new roads is 1,162km, bringing the total kilometers of tarmacked roads to 5,500km, having been 1,000km in 1986.
ROADS THAT HAVE BEEN REHABILITATED 2016-2021
The following old roads, covering a total of 449.2km, have been rehabilitated or reconstructed.
Kyenjojo-Fort Portal 50.0km
Mbale-Sironko-Kapchorwa and Mbale town roads 66.2km
Katunguru-Hima-Fort Portal 60.0km
TOTAL 449.2 km
NEW ROADS UNDER PROCUREMENT
Construction of the following roads is at various stages of procurement. Funds have already been committed.
Kabale-L Bunyonyi-Kabeho 15.1km
Kisoro-Mgahinga National Park headquarters 14.0km
Katuna – Muko – Kamuganguzi 104.0km
The above projects (ongoing and those under procurement) will be completed around 2022.
NEW ROAD PROJECTS TO BE STARTED BY 2023
Puranga-Acholi Bur 62.0km
Pajule-Pader district headquarters 18.0km
Karenga-Bira (Kaabong-Sudan Border)42.0km
Kumi-Ngora-Brooks Corner-Serere-Kagwara 102.0km
Bubulo-Bududa Circular Road 28.0km
Bwizibwera-Nyakambu-Nsiika-Nyakashala-Nyakabirizi — with a spur to Kabwohe and Kyambura 92.2km
Kabwohe – Bugongi – Kitagata – Kabira – Rukungiri 67.0km
Kanungu-Rugyeyo-Nyakisenyi road 70.0km
Fort Portal-Kijura-Kyarusozi-Katooke 83.8km
A total of 2,988.2 km roads is yet to be constructed.
The NRM is committed to developing all modes of transport, including road, railway, water and air to reduce the cost of both passenger and cargo transport.
First, reducing freight transportation costs from Mombasa Port and other ports to Kampala and other parts of the country.
Second, reduce average travel time within Kampala City and the surrounding areas.
Third, we are going to continue with the effort of opening up all parts of Uganda and connect them to the paved national road network.
Fourth, using a science-led approach, we will reduce the unit cost of building transport infrastructure.
Lastly, maintaining transport infrastructure (particularly the tarmacking of roads) to increase the average lifespan of roads from 15 to 20 years and more.